Tag Archive | Asoka

The Passing of Other Elders

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, Chapter XX. The Complete Emancipation of the Elders
ExtMhv 75-82 cf. Mhv 54-58

Temples (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Temples
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Also the five Great Elders: Ittiya, Uttiya, the Great Elder Bhaddasāla and the greatly intelligent Sambala, and Mahinda, these five, being without pollutants, attained Emancipation.

Also beginning with the Great Elder Ariṭṭha, greatly wise and skilful, after skilfully teaching many students in the Discipline, Doctrine and Abstract Doctrine, being expert in discrimination, together with innumerable thousands of monks who had destroyed the pollutants passed away.

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The Passing of Arahat Sanghamitta

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, Chapter XX. The Complete Emancipation of the Elders
ExtMhv 65-74 cf. Mhv 48-53

Stupa (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Stupa
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

The Great Elder Saṅghamittā, of great power, great intelligence, fulfilled all duties to the Dispensation with virtue and wisdom, and benefitted many people in the delightful Island of Laṅkā.

Nine years after the beginning of the reign of King Uttiya, fifty-nine years (after arriving), while residing in the Elephant’s Measure house, this light of the world passed away.

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The Passing of Arahat Mahinda

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, Chapter XX. The Complete Emancipation of the Elders
ExtMhv 43-64 cf. Mhv 29-47

Stupa (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Stupa
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

After the King Devānampiyatissa’s passing, his younger brother, well-known as Uttiya, also born of King Muṭasīva, ruled righteously.

The Elder Mahinda was the Light of Laṅkā, a leader of a great crowd, who light up the Island of Laṅkā, who propogated the supreme Dispensation of the Victor consisting of proper study, practice and penetration. He who was like the Teacher, 1 benefitted many in the world in Laṅkā, with a virtuous crowd of wise monks in the Community, in the eighth victorious year of the King Uttiya, within the Rains Retreat, after he had dwelt sixty years near the Cetiya mountain, on the eighth day of the bright half of the month Assayuja, 2 that passionless Elder, who increased the light, 3 attained Emancipation.

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Ven. Sanghamitta and the Nunneries

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, Chapter XIX. The Journey of the Great Bodhi Tree
ExtMhv 118-120 & 166-189 cf. Mhv 68-85

Nuns Worshipping (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Nuns Worshipping
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Near the Lord’s Great Bodhi Tree, through the wonder of being near the flag of the true Dhamma preached in the lovely words of the land of Laṅkā, Queen Anulā, with five hundred women and together with another five hundred women of the harem received the going-forth in the presence of the Elder Saṅghamittā, and those one thousand nuns, after developing insight, in no long time attained the state of Worthiness.

The Great Elder Saṅghamittā lived in the Nunnery known as the Lay-Womens’ Monastery together with her Community. She made there three dwelling places which were considered the foremost. 1

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Reception in Lanka

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, XIX. The Journey of the Great Bodhi Tree
ExtMhv 38-51 = Mhv. 23-31

Receiving the Bodhi Tree (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Receiving the Bodhi Tree
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

King Devānampiyatissa, who delighted in the benefit of the world, had heard from the novice Sumana about the day of the arrival of the Bodhi Tree, and from the first day that began the month of Maggasira he decorated the highway from the north gate as far as Jambukola with silver leaves of cloth strewn like sand that had been sprinkled all round on the highway.

From the day the King went out from the city he waited at the grounds of the reception-hall by the ocean, and there the Lord of the Earth, through the psychic power of the Great Elder Nun, saw the Great Bodhi Tree coming in the middle of the great ocean, decked out in all its splendour, and by the power of Mahinda, he drew as though close to it.

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Ven. Sanghamitta and the Bodhi Tree set out for Lanka

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, XIX. The Journey of the Great Bodhi Tree
ExtMhv 1-37 cf. Mhv 1-22

The Nuns Set Sail (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

The Nuns Set Sail
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

In order to protect the Great Bodhi Tree, the Best of Charioteers appointed eighteen from royal families, and eight from ministerial families, eight from brahminical families, eight from merchants’ families, and from the foremost and faithful cow-herders families, the sparrow weavers, 1 the potters families, the hyena families, eight of each were also appointed.

He sent Nāgas and Yakkhas together with their assembly and sprinkled it with water brought for the purpose day by day and gave eight gold and eight silver water-pots, as was desired. Then taking the Great Bodhi Tree and worshipping it in various ways, he said: “In whatever way you like go from city to city.”

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Festivities for the Bodhi Tree

from the Extended Mahāvaṁsa, Chapter V. The Third Recital
ExtMhv 111-120 cf. Mhv. 64-68

Bodhi Tree Festivities (Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

Bodhi Tree Festivities
(Mural at Wat Pho, Bangkok)

On the first day of the bright half of the month Kattikā the Guardian of the World Asoka placed a branch of the Great Bodhi to the east of the root of a lovely great Sāla tree, and worshipping it day by day, on the seventeenth day new shoots starting taking hold and arose on the trunk of the delightful Bodhi Tree.

Seeing that the Lord of the World, his mind faithful and satisfied, with his ten fingers raised in reverential salutation to his head, said: “I give it sovereignty over the whole of the Rose-Apple Island,” and the Lord of the World consecrated the Great Bodhi Tree with sovereignty.

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